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United States of America
  • The Constitution of the United States, 1787

The Constitution of the United States1 does not provide information about sustainable development or environmental protection.

The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) is the US law that establishes the broad national framework for protecting the environment. The NEPA contains a Declaration of National Environmental Policy “which requires the federal government to use all practicable means to create and maintain conditions under which man and nature can exist in productive harmony.  Section 102 requires federal agencies to incorporate environmental considerations in their planning and decision-making through a systematic interdisciplinary approach.  Specifically, all federal agencies are to prepare detailed statements assessing the environmental impact of and alternatives to major federal actions significantly affecting the environment.”

More information about sustainable development strategy and environmental protection in every state of the USA is available on the United States Environmental Protection Agency website.

Legal data regarding environmental protection and natural resources can be obtained through Ecolex, the database providing information on environmental law operated by the Food and Agriculture Organization and the United Nations Environment Programme.

1. The Constitution and its amendments are available on the official archives of the US Government's website.